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Today's History 7 October: Major events that happened in today's history

Today’s History 7 October : आज के इतिहास में घटित हुई प्रमुख घटनाएं

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India’s History 
 
 
 
  • 1586 – मुगल सेना ने कश्मीर में प्रवेश किया।
  • 1708 – सिखों के दसवें गुरु गोविंद सिंह जी की हत्या कर दी गई।
  • 1737 – बंगाल में 20 हजार छोटे जहाज के समुद्र में 40 फुट नीचे डूबने से तीन लाख लोगों की मौत हुई।
  • 1950 – मदर टेरेसा ने कोलकाता में मिशनरीज ऑफ चैरिटी की स्थापना की।
  • 1952 – चंडीगढ़ को पंजाब की राजधानी बनाया गया।
 
 
America’s History 
 
  • 1763 – King George III issues the Royal Proclamation of 1763, closing Indigenous lands in North America north and west of the Alleghenies to white settlements.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: The Americans defeat the British in the Second Battle of Saratoga, also known as the Battle of Bemis Heights.
  • 1780 – American Revolutionary War: American militia defeat royalist irregulars led by British major Patrick Ferguson in South Carolina.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: A US Navy ship captures a Confederate raider in a Brazilian seaport.
  • 1958 – The U.S. manned space-flight project is renamed Project Mercury.
  • 1998 – Trent Alexander-Arnold, English professional footballer
  • 2001 – Princess Senate Seeiso, Princess of Lesotho born . 
 
France History 
 
  • 1403 – Venetian–Genoese wars: The Genoese fleet under a French admiral is defeated by a Venetian fleet.
  • 1477 – Uppsala University was inaugurated after receiving its corporate rights from Pope Sixtus IV in February the same year.
  • 1800 – French corsair Robert Surcouf, commander of the 18-gun ship La Confiance, captures the British 38-gun Kent.
  • 1828 – Morea expedition: The city of Patras, Greece, is liberated by the French expeditionary force.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: Léon Gambetta escapes the siege of Paris in a hot-air balloon.
  • 1933 – Air France is inaugurated, after being formed by a merger of five French airlines.
 
China History 
 
 
  • 1912 – Successive dynasties developed bureaucratic systems that enabled the emperor to control vast territories directly. 
  • 1912 –  routine administrative tasks were handled by a special elite of scholar-officials. Young men, well-versed in calligraphy, history, literature, and philosophy, were carefully selected through difficult government examinations. 
  • 1949 – The Republic of China retreated to the island of Taiwan in 1949. Both the PRC and the ROC currently claim to be the sole legitimate government of China. 
  • 1971 – with ongoing dispute even after the United Nations recognized the PRC as the government to represent China at all UN conferences.
  • 1997 – Hong Kong and Macau transferred sovereignty to China from the United Kingdom and Portugal respectively, becoming special administrative regions (SARs) of the PRC.

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